Currency of any nation is very important to its growth. All currencies has value equivalent to other currencies of the world. The purchase and sale of these currencies to leverage shift in value to profit is what we know as currency trading today.
Currency trading provides good opportunities and interest rates which is almost impossible in a low leverage market.
Currency trading which is also known as forex trading was not open to small investors until recently. Banks and large multinationals were the major dealers of this market place until new technologies opened the doors to investors at all level to participate in currency trading.
The relative value of a currency fluctuates for different reason, part of which is the real market. Foreign investors or visitors who wish to transact within a certain country are required to convert their domestic currency into the currency of the nation they are transacting within.
Also whenever money is taking out of the country, you are expected to sell the ones you have with you in exchange for the foreign currency that you will need to spend or invest abroad.
Speculation for currency trading can also lead to its fluctuation. When investors feel a particular currency will act strongly or weakly, they will trade it accordingly. This speculation can affect a national currency and possibly economy of the country.
This type of trading has many benefits over equity trading like the stock exchange. Its spreads are extremely low, making the cost to a trader very low as well.
The volatility is extremely high, which permits the trader to generate enormous return on a given exchange
Internet has made the trading possible for individual from the comfort of their home.
Online forex trading enjoys the best liquidity in the world and transactions are worth more than many stock exchanges of the world together.