The world is generally made up of two types of personalities; leaders and followers. We look to the leaders to guide us along and provide us with ideas to improve ourselves. This dynamic is found in abundance in the workplace, and managers are to whom we turn for training and direction. Managers utilize a variety of methods in order to motivate and point subordinates toward success, both for the team and for the company. These methods are referred to as management styles, and following is a look at the main types.
The autocratic style is one management type. A manager who chooses this type usually makes decisions without conferring with anyone else. The choices are unilateral, and there is usually no room for debate. Subordinates are not asked for their opinions and are expected to trust in the final say of the manager. Someone who manages in an autocratic style must possess a strong presence and know how to come to conclusions without causing resentment and dissention in the workforce.
A less rigid style is known as paternalistic. Though this type of management does not necessarily invite input from subordinates, it does take their best interests into account as well as the business’s. Communication and decisions still come from the top down, but a paternalistic manager will understand the importance of the workers’ morale and the social needs of the workforce. This style is more apt to encourage worker loyalty and a general sense of concern for the worker.
Another main type of management style is democratic. In this case, communication is accepted from everyone, managers and workers included. All parties have equal say in decision making concerns, and this is especially helpful when managers and others at the top are unfamiliar with certain aspects of a job or design. Subordinates well-versed in the operation are able to voice their opinions, and managers gain valuable insight into the task at hand. Plus, morale is higher when everyone feels as though they have constructively contributed to the project.
The management style that one chooses must reflect the strengths of his or her personality. Autocratic styles should be reserved for those who have an unwavering confidence in themselves, while more democratic styles are for those who wish to involve the entire team. Whichever style is chosen, it must rest on the knowledge of one’s own strengths, as well as those on the front lines.
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