On the 60 feet high and 100 feet wide facade of the building, Miami-based artist Axel Void has painted a table with a kitchen knife, some fruit and vegetables illuminated by a single white candle. The work has the word “Zindagi” written in Devanagari across it: such is the mundaneness of life.
On the other side of the city, Rani Laxmibai of Jhansi adorns an archway-like wall in south Delhi’s Lodhi Colony. The work, showing the queen with a sword in one hand and the reins of her horse in the other, her feisty gaze locked on the horizon, is one of the rare women-centric public art pieces in the capital. Made by Japanese-American street artist Lady Aiko, this mixture of styles in stencils and geometrical patterns gives it a very pop-art yet traditional feel.
The first two were painted by artists participating in the street art festival organised by St+Art India Foundation, the second edition of the festival which has been going on in Delhi since February. From commissioned legal street art pieces to works of graffiti or “vandalism”, street art is flourishing in the country like never before, claiming walls in tony residential colonies and rundown wholesale markets. Chennai’s Conquer the Concrete, Street Art Project Pune and Rishikesh Street Art Festival are the other three big festivals that have already taken place this year. Kolkata and Bengaluru too have a strong graffiti culture.
A work by Hamburg-based artist Tona in Rishikesh Picture by Sandeep Chandra
At the St+Art headquarters in a fourth floor walk-up in Hauz Khas Village, I try to gather a sense of how street art in India has snowballed in recent past. The main organisers, Hanif Kureshi, Akshat Nauriyal and Arjun Bahl, are a swell bunch of guys in their late 20s or early 30s.
Kureshi was earlier involved in Khirki Extension, a street art festival in Khirki Village in 2012, considered the first organised event of the sort in the city. But with St+Art, they wanted to go bigger and paint the whole town. “We decided that this time we’ll do it right, with legal permits, graffiti jams, international artists — the whole jig,” says Bahl.
OP Mishra, former director of projects, NDMC, says that his team was on the lookout for artists to come forward and beautify the city when they were approached by the St+Art crew. “As long as it was non-political, non-religious art that hurt no sentiments, we were happy to give them walls and spaces,” says Mishra, rattling off the now-familiar spiel of what constitutes “acceptable Indian culture”.
While the St+art festival organisers had a resounding start last year, with successful editions in Delhi and Mumbai, the current Delhi edition has been stuck in limbo. CPWD hasn’t cleared permissions for many buildings slated to be painted. “It’ll be great if they had a process for public art and we won’t be shunted across the city for permits everywhere,” say the organisers ruefully. Already pressed for funds, they are being forced to waste precious little — especially on keeping the lifts that the artists need to work with on large-scale murals, on standby at different locations.
Lauded for their striking efforts against patriarchy and for starting a dialogue on the taboo associated with menstruation, they were eventually sent notices by the university authorities. Urban art’s rise is also evident in the large number of such independent, socially-oriented projects across India. Socio-political graffiti and interventionist art always seem to incite the ire of the authorities, but that is exactly why it is needed.
While India’s most famous art biennale was basking in its own glory, Guesswho’s critiques of the traditional art establishment bearing satirical texts such as “SOLD!”, “Deeper than you think”, or fictional superheroes protesting the clampdown on the Kiss of Love campaign were the artworks that went viral online. Needless to say, most of these were taken down within the week.
www.google.com/culturalinstitute/u/0/project/street-art). While most of the street art festivals in India are community-funded, such as the ones held in Pune and Rishikesh, international cultural institutes have also contributed. Asian Paints donated paints and other raw material to the St+art Foundation as a part of its corporate social responsibility activities.
According to Samyukhta, spokesperson of Goethe-Institut Chennai, which curated the Conquer the Concrete initiative in the city, “Traditionally, street art is subversive, but here we wanted to take art out of the galleries and put it out on the street.” The idea was to facilitate a collaboration between Chennai’s traditional hoarding artists and Indian and German street artists. The Goethe-Institut plans to make it an annual affair.
When India Art Fair approached Daku to do a piece in January, his response was to repeatedly write the words “commissioned vandalism” on the street leading up to the fair. “The interesting thing is that while this piece is at the India Art Fair, it’s not really inside,” explains Daku. “Keh sakte hai ki dehleez pe hai (It’s on the threshold). It’s knocking on the art industry’s door, telling them that hey, street art is here and here to stay.” His pieces are intended to be open-ended, and with corporations vying to get a piece of the street art pie, it’s easy to read into “commissioned vandalism” as a comment on street art worldwide.
“What I really love about street art is the purity of it – it is the rawest form of art, but also an industry that’s gaining popularity,” says Harsh Raman Singh Paul, a well-known designer and street artist. “I’ve got calls from brands such as Absolut and Adidas.” For him, things become complicated when money comes in. So he is skeptical of as well as hopeful about the growing movement.
“Consuming graffiti online is the new fad in the country but I am more interested in reaching a larger audience through street art, people who are seeing it live on their walls, not their Facebook walls,” she says. And participating for the first time in an event of this kind, Daku says, “For St+Art, I’m planning to do a piece that will be my take on the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.” It should be up some time next week, so keep an eye out for some commissioned vandalism, will you?