The debt consolidation business is based in borrowing money from one lender to pay off outstanding debts with a better interest rates, on the other hand this lender will manage the monthly payments to the previous lenders, one of the most obvious advantages of this system is that the clients just have to deal with a single monthly payment.
Steps to consider when consolidating debts:
* Add the total amount you owe from every account you are interested in consolidate, you do this in order to know the total amount you owe. * Make a list of interest rates with each of your accounts, and calculate the average from all. * Start contacting your creditors (telephone, mail) and ask them the cancellation of the cash balances as of the date it intends to consolidate debts. * The entire amount of their balances of cancellation should be the initial amount to start the consolidation. * When looking for a lender, the rate you need to look for should be lower than average in the previous calculation. * Always be extremely careful about the terms of the loan; plan accordingly. * Once you have consolidated your debts control your finance and avoid getting in the same problem. The previous considerations applies to individuals living in countries that accept what is called the “Toronto terms”, this name comes from the agreement established in the World Economic Summit in Toronto in June1988. They were applied to the countries designated by the World Bank as “IDA-only” these criteria apply to people who have a very heavy debt, low per capital income and problems paying back their balances. The countries that can apply these measurements should have the next characteristic: A strong structural adjustment program that has been approved and supported by the IMF (International Monetary Fund).
The Toronto principles are basically two: a) Terms for the debts of the Development Assistance b) The introduction of a menu of conditions for payment of the debt that is not development assistance.
The ODA type of debt have two distinctive characteristics one is 25 years for the maturity and 14 years of extension, other characteristic is that the initial rate will be higher than the default interest rate. Debts different than the Development Assistance ones, the creditors can choose from a menu of 3 payment terms.
The first option is: 1/3 of the debt will be canceled and returned with a maturity of 14 years for the remaining amount (with 8 years of extension), the market will define the default interests.
The other option: twenty five years repayment and fourteen years extension and the market will define the interest rate in case of default.
Option C: the repayment terms are as in option A, but will have a default interest of 3.5 percentage points below the market rate set in either half as established in the market, depending on what the further reduction.
On December 1991 the Paris Club agree to add some concessions for the countries with lower incomes plus the terms defined at the Toronto agreement that there are essentially 2 options to reduce debt, plus the option non concessional new conditions of Toronto. The option represents a 50% concession of forgiveness in present value terms in debt service payments, lowering the debt during the consolidation period. Additionally, it was agreed to establish a timetable for consideration of a potential debt reduction. Creditors have indicated willingness to consider restructuring the remaining time when the debt is canceled on a date not later than 3 or 4 years.
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